types of skin

The 4 types of skin (and how to care for them)

The skin is not only the largest organ of the body, it is also one of the most important. It has life and specific needs according to the type that each one of us has.

To identify which of the skin types we have , we can observe certain characteristics that identify them and thus know what is the appropriate way to take care of it according to its current state.

Types of skin

Observing the texture, color, characteristics and reactions we can determine what type of skin we have and take care of it with products that balance and maintain it in good condition .

1. Normal

We all want this type of skin, but in reality it is one of the least common. It is a skin that is balanced by not being too fat or too dry . It has fine pores, good blood circulation, smooth and smooth velvety texture, absence of impurities, and is not sensitive or irritated easily.

Normal skin is common in children and before adolescence, but hormonal changes affect it a lot and cause changes in the skin.

Even though we already saw that normal skin does not suffer from fat or dryness, it is important to be cared for with suitable products to avoid a mismatch that results in excess fat or irritation , especially since over the years the skin Normal will stop having adequate hydration and lose elasticity as a result of natural aging. Thus, he is not free from needing care, which must begin at an early age.

2. Fat

This type of skin is known as “fat” because it is characterized by an increased production of sebum . This overproduction is known as seborrhea.

To recognize the oily skin it is necessary to check if the pores are enlarged, the face is constantly bright and the skin looks thickened and pale because the blood vessels are not visible.

Due to these factors this type of skin is prone to acne , sometimes mild, but it can also be severe acne not only on the face but on the neck, shoulders, back and chest. In a vicious circle this seborrheic process causes the skin to redden and become inflamed.

Therefore, we must know that one way to avoid all these effects of oily skin is to prevent the overproduction of sebum which on the one hand is due to genetics and hormonal imbalances, but which can be reduced with a proper diet, adequate routine of cleaning, and the use of cosmetics appropriate to the type of skin.

So one of the objectives in the care of this type of skin is that this seborrheic hyperproduction does not occur, and that once the pimples have appeared, the skin remains clean to avoid infection and the skin is injured.

Furthermore, as we have already seen, a high propensity to severe acne can cause irreversible skin lesions , so the recommendation is to have regular check-ups with a dermatologist.

3. Dry

This type of skin produces less sebum than normal skin and as a consequence lacks the lipids that retain moisture and form a protective layer . In dry skin there is a deterioration of this function of the barrier. That is why, unlike fatty skin, at some stage of our lives we will all suffer from dry skin to a greater or lesser extent, as a cause of the decrease in sebum is the aging of the organism.

However, even though it is very likely that we all arrive at the moment of having dry skin, dermatologists identify three levels of dryness :

Dry Skin

It feels tight, fragile, rough and has a dull color and appearance. The elasticity is weak .

Very dry skin

There is peeling or lamellae consistency. There is an obviously rough or full of spots or as if suffering premature aging , there is mild itching.

At this level, this type of skin should be treated by a dermatologist because it can cause severe irritation and risk of infection.

Extremely dry skin

The hands, feet, elbows and knees are prone to extreme dry skin. It is characterized by severe roughness , cracked appearance such as cracks, calluses, scaling and severe and frequent itching.

In this phase of dryness, a dermatological revision is undoubtedly required to determine the most efficient treatment that helps the skin recover its sebum level and normal hydration before a severe infection is caused.

If after reading the dryness levels you identify that your skin is dry but is still in a normal phase, it will be enough to use products suitable for this type of skin that provide adequate hydration and help to balance the production of sebum.

4. Mixed

As we have seen, oily skin has an excess of sebum and dries a severe decrease in sebum. In the case of the mixed skin type, the two types of skin are found and are manifested mainly on the face.

To identify if your skin belongs to this type, it is necessary to know that in the mixed skin of the “T” zone (forehead, chin and nose) it is fat, enlarged pores and with some impurities or traces of acne are noticed while the cheeks have normal skin or tend to dry.

Due to these characteristics of the mixed skin, the products to hydrate and protect it have to be specific for this type of skin. In the market they are easily identified and provide an adequate balance to avoid dryness and overproduction of sebum.

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