pollenallergie Sneezing, runny nose, itching … No doubt, the pollens are back. How to protect yourself to the maximum? What are the effective treatments
Every spring, the same nightmare begins again for 10 to 20% of the population. This period when flowering plants reproduce is accompanied by the spread of pollen in the air, much to the chagrin of allergic people! Because the grains of pollen, penetrating the airways, are able to trigger in some a real battle immune. The body, which does not recognize these foreign bodies, makes every effort to eliminate them, which results in nasal discharge, sneezing, itching, or conjunctivitis.
All different in the face of allergies
If pollens are harmless for most of the population, they may be exposed to some of the immune system’s over-reactive. “Sensitivity to pollen is all about a genetic factor. Everyone is not the same number of cells responsible for allergy in his body, “says Dr. Mégret-Gabeaud, allergist doctor. One-one-one-one-one-one-allergic-depend-on-one-cut-of-tolerance-cut, one-like-like ‘.
In addition to pollen circulating in the air, the immune system of allergic people is also sensitive to allergens found on our plates. “For example, if someone is allergic to hazel pollen, he also reacts by eating hazelnuts,” says the specialist. Similarly, allergies to ragweed pollen are likely to be allergic to melons, bananas or celery, while birch pollen allergies are more likely to be adverse to apple reactions. “Cross-allergies often occur in the mouth: mouth scratches, lips swollen, palate spades”,
How to protect yourself from allergies?
A number of practical tips are to be considered to avoid, avoid doing too much physical effort if it is hot and not exposed to pollution, which irritates the airways and allows the allergen to penetrate more easily, met Dr. Mégret-Gabeaud. Indeed, the pollen is weakened. If there is a wind, it breaks out into very small particles that concentrate much more easily in the airways. ” Airing your home, wearing sunglasses to protect your eyes and not drying your clothes outside to prevent the pollens are fixed are simple gestures that can limit. But these are not the only ones. It is also advisable to drive with the windows closed to avoid polluting the cabin, to wash your hair before going to bed or to avoid mowing the lawn. In addition, some irritants, such as tobacco smoke, can increase the symptoms of allergies.
Herbal teas and essential oils
Faced with these daily inconveniences, it can be tempting to resort to “home”. However, the essential oils of peppermint, lavender or nettle tea are not necessarily good to take. “Maybe they are effective?” Says Dr. Mégret-Gabeaud. But what is herbal tea or the use of certain essential oils, it is not validated scientifically. These natural remedies can even be aggravated by allergy. For example, last week, I received a patient allergic to birch pollen. The problem? She was taking birch juice, which made her condition worse, “says the allergist. So be careful.
Local treatments and desensitization
In contrast to these beneficial effects, there are two types of drug treatment for pollen allergies: that treat the symptoms of those who are allergic to pollen. But before starting a possible treatment, it is necessary to know the origin of the evil. For this, tests can be performed in an allergist. “The treatment depends on the symptoms and the environment of the patient. But it often consists of antihistamines and local treatments such as eye drops and nasal drops, “says the allergist.
If these treatments do not need to be relieved, there is one last possibility: to desensitize. “This treatment lasts about 3 years and aims to cure the cause of allergy. In 70 to 80% of cases, note an improvement. It even happens that some patients are never recidivated, “says Dr. Mégret-Gabeaud. What does this consist of? It is an administrator to the patient with small doses of the incriminated allergen, in the form of tablets to be placed under the tongue, drops or injection. Desensitization is a long treatment (up to 5 years) that requires regular medical monitoring. The goal is for the body to be in touch with the cause of the allergy, to make it more pleasant and to decrease the symptoms.
This curative treatment, also called specific immunotherapy, can be performed from the age of 5, including rhinitis or asthma. “The allergist makes the choice to immunize the patient as appropriate